出国留学面临挑战英语作文

关于去国外学习在国外可能遇到的困难的英语作文

With the development of the national economy, Chinesepeople are getting richer and richer that their style of living and the way ofthinking are changing in different ways. One of the great changes is that moreand more parents incline to send their children abroad to get higher educationwhich is quite different from the one in China. Some of them even send the studentsin middle school or elementary school to different countries. Therefore, wehave lots of teenager students studying abroad. Personally I think, some of theteenagers are not mature enough to take care of themselves, especially some ofthem even have no ideas on how to study. They are not independent. When theyare at home ,they depend on their parents or grandparents. Therefore ,it iseasy for them to get lost both in their life and in their study. My suggestionis that we should not send the teenagers abroad too early, and the best timefor being abroad to study is after the graduation from the college oruniversity. Perhaps ,that is much better. 随着国民经济的发展,中国人越来越富有,他们的生活方式和思维方式是以不同的方式改变.一个伟大的变化是,越来越多的家长倾向于把孩子送到国外接受高等教育,是从中国的一个很大的不同.一些他们甚至把学生在初中和小学到不同的国家.因此,我们有很多青少年学生出国留学.我个人认为,一些的青少年没有成熟到能够照顾自己,特别是他们中的一些人甚至没有想法就如何学习.他们不是独立的.他们在回家的时候,他们依赖于他们的父母或祖父母.因此,他们就失去了他们的生活,在他们的研究中是很容易的.我的建议是,我们不应该把国外青少年过早,和在国外学习的最好时间是从大学毕业后.也许,那多好.

求一篇关于出国留学的英语作文.字数200左右.

We all know it can be a frustrating and sometimes painful experience going to study in a foreign country, with its different language and culture. But while overseas study has its drawbacks, the difficulties are far outweighed by the advantages. Indeed, people who go abroad for study open themselves up to experiences that those who stay at home will never have.
The most obvious advantage to overseas university study is real-life use of a different language. While a person can study a foreign language in his or her own country, it cannot compare with constant use of the language in academic and everyday life. There is no better opportunity to improve second-language during one’s studies offers a distinct advantage when one is applying for jobs back home that require the language.
On a university campus, the foreign student is not alone in having come from far away. He or she will likely encounter many others from overseas and it is possible to make friends from all around the world. This is not only exciting on a social level, but could lead to important overseas contacts is later professional life.
Finally, living and studying abroad offers one a new and different perspective of the world and, perhaps most important, of one’s own country. Once beyond the initial shock of being in a new culture, the sutdent slowly begins to get a meaningful under. Standing of the host society. On returning home, one inevitable sees one’s own country in a new, often more appreciative light.
At last, while any anxiety about going overseas for university study is certainly understandable, it is important to remember that the benefits offered by the experience make it well worthwhile
我们都知道,它可以是一个令人沮丧的,有时是痛苦的经历去到国外学习,以其不同的语言和文化。但是尽管出国留学有其弊端,困难是远远超过了优势。事实上,那些出国留学经历那些呆在家里。
最明显的优势,以海外大学学习是真实的使用一种不同的语言。当一个人在学习一门语言,在他或她自己的国家,它无法与不断的使用语言的学习与生活中。没有更好的机会来改善二语在一个人的研究提供了一个明显的优势之一是求职时回家需要的语言。
在大学校园里,外国学生”并非来自很远的地方。他或她可能会遇到很多其他人来自海外及有可能来自世界各地的朋友。这不仅是对一个社会的水平,激动人心,但可以导致重要的联系是后来的职业生涯海外。
最后,在国外居住和学习提供了一个全新的视角的世界,也许最为重要的是,对自己的国家。一旦超过最初的震惊的是在一个陌生的文化中,sutdent慢慢地开始有意义。站在主机的社会。回到家,看到一个不可避免的在一个新的,通常更珍惜光明。
最后,当任何忧虑出国学习当然是可以理解为大学,重要的是要记住这个福利的经验使它很有价值的 Recent years, more and more Chinese people have chosen to study abroad. To this tendency, some people think it is not good, as most of the overseas learners do not come back, whereas I hold a different opinion. In my opinion, it is a good thing that more Chinese people go abroad. There are three reasons. First, the overseas learners can improve their ability through the study. They can grasp advanced technologies and their language ability can be improved as well. Second, with the rapid development of China, more and more overseas learners will choose come back, using their abundant knowledge studied abroad to serve for the motherland. The third, the government and most domestic enterprises are willing to provide favorable treatments to attract them to come back. For the above reasons, I think it is not a bad thing for more and more Chinese study abroad.  近年来,越来越多的中国人已经选择出国留学。这种趋势,一些人认为这样做是不对的,因为大部分的海外学生不回来了,而我持有不同意见。

在我看来,这是一件好事,越来越多的中国人出国。有三个理由。首先,海外学生可以通过学习提高他们的能力。他们能掌握先进技术和他们的语言能力可以改善。第二,中国的快速发展,越来越多的外国学生将选择回来,用他们的丰富知识留学服务为祖国。第三,和大多数国内企业提供良好的治疗方法来吸引他们回来。

因此,我认为这并不是一件坏事,越来越多的中国人出国学习的机会。 网上复制的,望请采纳!Critical Thought Paper
The sexual health care services in Shanghai, China, has been shown some progress in sexual health care by offering more service and mainly for free for people living around. This research will integrate some Chinese societal elements, such as traditional Chinese values as well as the changing of values to analyze how Shanghai is take an effort in providing sexual health care. It will also discuss how Shanghai is treating LGBTQ+ publicly. Meanwhile, the department of Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention has provided some free services with other sectors of health care in China, such as community health hospitals. This important sector will be analyzed in detail to illustrate the health care services that people can get access to.
People in Shanghai can get condoms in multiple ways. Since “Condoms remain the best form of simultaneous protection against sexually transited infections and unintended pregnancies” (Mullinax, et al., 2017, p.642), the ways of obtaining condoms are important in sexual health care. Any person in China is free to obtain some condoms from community health hospitals, which is not the only way that offers people condoms. In some hotels, they would provide free condoms or condoms at a fair price, such as several dollars for one box. Customers of hotels can get condoms in their rooms. But some hotels do not provide condoms in the room. Besides these special places. Compared with some western countries, there is no condom selling on China’s college campuses. When students need condoms, they can purchase from pharmacies, doctors at a normal hospital, and online shops, or get condoms from community health hospitals at no cost. The developed take-out service in China also enables Chinese customers to buy condoms or other related products online and the products will be delivered within about half an hour by delivers. This service is mainly provided in urban areas where the take-out service is well developed in China. This service can proceed in a kind of secret way where the deliverers would not know what the products are when they are packaged in a sealed box or bag by a pharmacy. The delivers can provide fast delivery service to meet the needs of customers. Since deliverers can normally reach the house from the house without the influences of the pandemic, the customers can receive an effective service especially when they do not want to go out and buy some condoms from a pharmacy at night.
China was well-known for its one-child policy, which put pressure on people to learn birth control. As one important normal approach to achieve this goal, community health hospitals have been the main places to provide people with free condoms. The community health hospitals also take the responsibility to provide sexual health care information to the people living around them. Since there are a large number of community health hospitals in China locate in every small community, the doctors in community health hospitals can offer more personalized and more private services for people who demand sexual health care information. The public hospitals provide services of STI/HIV test, which will normally cost like 10 US dollars, which is affordable for almost all the people who demand such a test. China also announced recently to reduce the tariff on HIV medicines, lowering the cost for consumers. The public hospitals in China have the authority to provide STI/HIV tests. Meanwhile, the public hospital is easy to find in urban areas. In rural areas, there is no such institute to provide STI/HIV tests.
As we have learned in class that HPV ranks the first in STI prevalence as well as incidents in the United States, it is worthy to discuss how Chinese people are coping with HPV. In recent five years, with increasing knowledge of HPV among the public, there is a huge demand for HPV vaccines. With this demand, the country is trying to import more HPV vaccines and some domestic universities have produced domestic HPV vaccines. The supplies of them could not normally meet the large demands in many cities. Even though both men and women can get HPV vaccines, in China, females are the main group to demand HPV vaccines. In many cities, they have to make appointments after months to get one shot. Meanwhile, the price for HPV vaccines is much higher than many common vaccines in China. One shot of four price HPV vaccine would cost about 500 US dollars. A nine-price HPV vaccine shot could cost about 900 US dollars and even more as it is highly demanded with a low supply. This phenomenon illustrates that more Chinese females are aware of the importance of the HPV vaccine.
It is studied that “HPV transmission via sex toys may be feasible” (Anderson, et al., 2014, p.2), showing the importance of mind the sanitation of sexual toys. However, in China, there can be no instruction provided by public health services concerning sex toys. Since traditional Chinese values do not consider sexual activities is a decent thing to talk about, the health information about sexual activities is not educated to the public. Sexual toys, as new products in China in recent years, are likely to be neglected when doctors are trying to educate some patients about sexual health care. Even Chinese doctors could be shy to talk about sexual toys as they are maintained within a certain group of consumers. The public lacks information about sexual toys. Even in Shanghai, a modern city of China, the Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention does not provide any information about sexual toys on its website (Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention, 2021).
LGBTQ+ is not openly accepted in Shanghai. Although many Western countries have allowed LGBTQ+, there is no public authority that shows an acceptance to it which can be seen from the marriage law. The marriage law has not made any modifications to allow LGBTQ+ couples. At the same time, the public does not show public acceptance of it. There are fewer LGBTQ+ movements in Shanghai than in America, which might be one of the reasons why Chinese society does not witness rapid development in LGBTQ+. Privately, there are many people who belong to LGBTQ+. Although they are not publicly accepted, they can normally go on streets like a couple without many biases in Shanghai since Shanghai is keeping to open to new ideas and new phenomenon. Nevertheless, this situation might be different in rural areas of China where elderly people normally hold traditional beliefs by considering LGBTQ+ abnormal. This has become a problem and an obstacle for some families which have children who belong to LGBTQ+. The development of LGBTQ+ is slow proceeding in current China.
In a conclusion, sexual health service is provided in many forms in Shanghai. The supply of condoms has multiples approaches where consumers can purchase, such as via the internet, take-out service, public hospitals, hotels. Community health hospitals also provide condoms for free, which are easy to find in communities. The test of STI/HIV is provided in public hospitals at a fair cost, about 10 US dollars. The public also shows an awareness of HPV by presenting a huge demand for imported HPV vaccines. Sexual toys are however hard to be mentioned in Shanghai while people hold a traditional value considering it is kind of unusual. Even doctors would be shy to talk about them. Moreover, LGBTQ+ has not been accepted by the public in Shanghai until now.
References:
Anderson, T. A., Schick, V., Herbenick, D., Dodge, B., & Fortenberry, J. D. (2014). A study of human papillomavirus on vaginally inserted sex toys, before and after cleaning, among women who have sex with women and men. Sexually transmitted infections, 90(7), 529-531.
Mullinax, M., Sanders, S., Dennis, B., Higgins, J., Fortenberry, J. D., & Reece, M. (2017). How condom discontinuation occurs: interviews with emerging adult women. The Journal of Sex Research, 54(4-5), 642-650.
The Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention. (2021). “Sexual Disease Prevention”. Retrieved from: http://www.scdc.sh.cn/category/zcfg.shtml

出国留学的利与弊英语作文

一、出国留学的利
1.学习英语
语言的学习对环境的依赖性很强,在全英文的我生活环境中可以很好地锻炼自己的英文能力,出国留学生活一段时间后,个人的英文能力会有良好的提升空间
2.对自我能力的提升
选择出国留学,可以很好地锻炼自己的个人能力,在异国他乡,所有的事情都要靠自己解决。留学会让你学会更加独立。你要自己租房子,自己弄饭吃。不像在国内的时候,大众食堂保证你的生活。所以在留学期间,能够有更多的独立自主性,无论是对留学生的生活能力、理财能力还是交际能力都是不错的锻炼机会。
3.工作机会
回国后更容易找到工作。尤其是在私企或者外企中,海归的竞争力远高于国内研究生。
4.更方便的移民
很多国家都期望通过吸引留学生来增加移民数量,因此提出了很多针对留学生的优惠政策,所有对有移民打算的同学来说,选择留学来实现移民是个捷径。
5.开拓眼界
国外和国内无论是生活环境还是人的价值观都有很大的差异,在一个新的环境中生活可以体验全新的风土人情,领略不通风民俗文化,可以开拓个人眼界。
二、出国留学的弊
1.交流上不够流畅
由于语言原因、文化原因等等。所以需要学习不少语言与文化。特别是在跟社会打交道的时候,比如找房子、写契约之类的。而且价值观上与国内的价值观有一定的违背。
2.费用高
出国留学还是需要有一定的经济基础的。英国现在的硕士一年的整体费用30万上下,澳大利亚和英国差不多,美国加拿大的话,大概是40万左右。
3.诱惑大
国外环境相比国内更为开放,也更具诱惑性,自控能力差的同学容易受到不良诱惑,误入歧途。如果没有学到真正的知识,会白白浪费几年光阴和大笔金钱
4.远离亲人
出国难免要面临与亲人朋友的分别,孩子年龄都偏小,一下子到异国他乡,难免会特别想念家人,容易觉得特别孤单,不利于孩子心理健康的成长。Critical Thought Paper
The sexual health care services in Shanghai, China, has been shown some progress in sexual health care by offering more service and mainly for free for people living around. This research will integrate some Chinese societal elements, such as traditional Chinese values as well as the changing of values to analyze how Shanghai is take an effort in providing sexual health care. It will also discuss how Shanghai is treating LGBTQ+ publicly. Meanwhile, the department of Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention has provided some free services with other sectors of health care in China, such as community health hospitals. This important sector will be analyzed in detail to illustrate the health care services that people can get access to.
People in Shanghai can get condoms in multiple ways. Since “Condoms remain the best form of simultaneous protection against sexually transited infections and unintended pregnancies” (Mullinax, et al., 2017, p.642), the ways of obtaining condoms are important in sexual health care. Any person in China is free to obtain some condoms from community health hospitals, which is not the only way that offers people condoms. In some hotels, they would provide free condoms or condoms at a fair price, such as several dollars for one box. Customers of hotels can get condoms in their rooms. But some hotels do not provide condoms in the room. Besides these special places. Compared with some western countries, there is no condom selling on China’s college campuses. When students need condoms, they can purchase from pharmacies, doctors at a normal hospital, and online shops, or get condoms from community health hospitals at no cost. The developed take-out service in China also enables Chinese customers to buy condoms or other related products online and the products will be delivered within about half an hour by delivers. This service is mainly provided in urban areas where the take-out service is well developed in China. This service can proceed in a kind of secret way where the deliverers would not know what the products are when they are packaged in a sealed box or bag by a pharmacy. The delivers can provide fast delivery service to meet the needs of customers. Since deliverers can normally reach the house from the house without the influences of the pandemic, the customers can receive an effective service especially when they do not want to go out and buy some condoms from a pharmacy at night.
China was well-known for its one-child policy, which put pressure on people to learn birth control. As one important normal approach to achieve this goal, community health hospitals have been the main places to provide people with free condoms. The community health hospitals also take the responsibility to provide sexual health care information to the people living around them. Since there are a large number of community health hospitals in China locate in every small community, the doctors in community health hospitals can offer more personalized and more private services for people who demand sexual health care information. The public hospitals provide services of STI/HIV test, which will normally cost like 10 US dollars, which is affordable for almost all the people who demand such a test. China also announced recently to reduce the tariff on HIV medicines, lowering the cost for consumers. The public hospitals in China have the authority to provide STI/HIV tests. Meanwhile, the public hospital is easy to find in urban areas. In rural areas, there is no such institute to provide STI/HIV tests.
As we have learned in class that HPV ranks the first in STI prevalence as well as incidents in the United States, it is worthy to discuss how Chinese people are coping with HPV. In recent five years, with increasing knowledge of HPV among the public, there is a huge demand for HPV vaccines. With this demand, the country is trying to import more HPV vaccines and some domestic universities have produced domestic HPV vaccines. The supplies of them could not normally meet the large demands in many cities. Even though both men and women can get HPV vaccines, in China, females are the main group to demand HPV vaccines. In many cities, they have to make appointments after months to get one shot. Meanwhile, the price for HPV vaccines is much higher than many common vaccines in China. One shot of four price HPV vaccine would cost about 500 US dollars. A nine-price HPV vaccine shot could cost about 900 US dollars and even more as it is highly demanded with a low supply. This phenomenon illustrates that more Chinese females are aware of the importance of the HPV vaccine.
It is studied that “HPV transmission via sex toys may be feasible” (Anderson, et al., 2014, p.2), showing the importance of mind the sanitation of sexual toys. However, in China, there can be no instruction provided by public health services concerning sex toys. Since traditional Chinese values do not consider sexual activities is a decent thing to talk about, the health information about sexual activities is not educated to the public. Sexual toys, as new products in China in recent years, are likely to be neglected when doctors are trying to educate some patients about sexual health care. Even Chinese doctors could be shy to talk about sexual toys as they are maintained within a certain group of consumers. The public lacks information about sexual toys. Even in Shanghai, a modern city of China, the Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention does not provide any information about sexual toys on its website (Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention, 2021).
LGBTQ+ is not openly accepted in Shanghai. Although many Western countries have allowed LGBTQ+, there is no public authority that shows an acceptance to it which can be seen from the marriage law. The marriage law has not made any modifications to allow LGBTQ+ couples. At the same time, the public does not show public acceptance of it. There are fewer LGBTQ+ movements in Shanghai than in America, which might be one of the reasons why Chinese society does not witness rapid development in LGBTQ+. Privately, there are many people who belong to LGBTQ+. Although they are not publicly accepted, they can normally go on streets like a couple without many biases in Shanghai since Shanghai is keeping to open to new ideas and new phenomenon. Nevertheless, this situation might be different in rural areas of China where elderly people normally hold traditional beliefs by considering LGBTQ+ abnormal. This has become a problem and an obstacle for some families which have children who belong to LGBTQ+. The development of LGBTQ+ is slow proceeding in current China.
In a conclusion, sexual health service is provided in many forms in Shanghai. The supply of condoms has multiples approaches where consumers can purchase, such as via the internet, take-out service, public hospitals, hotels. Community health hospitals also provide condoms for free, which are easy to find in communities. The test of STI/HIV is provided in public hospitals at a fair cost, about 10 US dollars. The public also shows an awareness of HPV by presenting a huge demand for imported HPV vaccines. Sexual toys are however hard to be mentioned in Shanghai while people hold a traditional value considering it is kind of unusual. Even doctors would be shy to talk about them. Moreover, LGBTQ+ has not been accepted by the public in Shanghai until now.
References:
Anderson, T. A., Schick, V., Herbenick, D., Dodge, B., & Fortenberry, J. D. (2014). A study of human papillomavirus on vaginally inserted sex toys, before and after cleaning, among women who have sex with women and men. Sexually transmitted infections, 90(7), 529-531.
Mullinax, M., Sanders, S., Dennis, B., Higgins, J., Fortenberry, J. D., & Reece, M. (2017). How condom discontinuation occurs: interviews with emerging adult women. The Journal of Sex Research, 54(4-5), 642-650.
The Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention. (2021). “Sexual Disease Prevention”. Retrieved from: http://www.scdc.sh.cn/category/zcfg.shtml

急用!!!!跪求 高中水平英语作文 有关出国留学遭遇的沟通困难!...

To get out of this mood, it needs to keep clear recognition, must take care of themselves; Master the language as soon as possible, to get good grades, make oneself have a positive self-perception and positive attitude; Actively participate in school in various student organizations; Often communicate with family.
Face the study and the life pressure, must learn to positive thinking positively. Are you going to learn, there must be a lot to your place of study, otherwise, also lost the necessary to study abroad. To see the surrounding environment and the local people there in the beautiful, kind, justice, standard side; How to communicate with people, into the local environment; In addition, young students have to see one's own advantage, their world outlook, the outlook on life and values are in formation, they may more adults in spiritual faster to adapt to the culture of the country.
To adapt to the foreign environment, first of all, to have a positive attitude. If always hold resist the mentality of the study, it is hard to blend in local life; Secondly, from detail breakthrough, find each other interests in common point; In addition, to see their own outstanding one side, to build their own faith.
翻译:要走出这种情绪,就需要自己保持清醒认识,一定要自己照顾自己;尽快掌握当地语言,取得好成绩,使自己有较正面的自我认知和积极心态;积极参与学校的各种学生社团活动;常与家人进行沟通。

面对学习和生活压力,一定要学会进行积极正面地思考。你是去学习的,那里一定会有很多值得你学习的地方,否则,也就失去了留学的必要。要看到周围环境和当地人中存在的美好、友善、正义、规范的一面;多与人沟通,融入当地环境;另外,低龄留学生要看到自身的优势,他们的世界观、人生观和价值观正处于形成期,他们在精神层面或许较成人能够更快适应所在国的文化。

要适应国外环境,首先,要有一个乐观积极的心态。如果始终抱着抗拒的心态留学,则很难融入当地的生活;其次,从细节突破,找彼此共同的兴趣点;另外,要看到自身优秀的一面,建立自己的信心。

求一篇关于出国留学的英语作文.字数200左右.

We all know it can be a frustrating and sometimes painful experience going to study in a foreign country, with its different language and culture. But while overseas study has its drawbacks, the difficulties are far outweighed by the advantages. Indeed, people who go abroad for study open themselves up to experiences that those who stay at home will never have.
The most obvious advantage to overseas university study is real-life use of a different language. While a person can study a foreign language in his or her own country, it cannot compare with constant use of the language in academic and everyday life. There is no better opportunity to improve second-language during one’s studies offers a distinct advantage when one is applying for jobs back home that require the language.
On a university campus, the foreign student is not alone in having come from far away. He or she will likely encounter many others from overseas and it is possible to make friends from all around the world. This is not only exciting on a social level, but could lead to important overseas contacts is later professional life.
Finally, living and studying abroad offers one a new and different perspective of the world and, perhaps most important, of one’s own country. Once beyond the initial shock of being in a new culture, the sutdent slowly begins to get a meaningful under. Standing of the host society. On returning home, one inevitable sees one’s own country in a new, often more appreciative light.
At last, while any anxiety about going overseas for university study is certainly understandable, it is important to remember that the benefits offered by the experience make it well worthwhile
我们都知道,它可以是一个令人沮丧的,有时是痛苦的经历去到国外学习,以其不同的语言和文化。但是尽管出国留学有其弊端,困难是远远超过了优势。事实上,那些出国留学经历那些呆在家里。
最明显的优势,以海外大学学习是真实的使用一种不同的语言。当一个人在学习一门语言,在他或她自己的国家,它无法与不断的使用语言的学习与生活中。没有更好的机会来改善二语在一个人的研究提供了一个明显的优势之一是求职时回家需要的语言。
在大学校园里,外国学生”并非来自很远的地方。他或她可能会遇到很多其他人来自海外及有可能来自世界各地的朋友。这不仅是对一个社会的水平,激动人心,但可以导致重要的联系是后来的职业生涯海外。
最后,在国外居住和学习提供了一个全新的视角的世界,也许最为重要的是,对自己的国家。一旦超过最初的震惊的是在一个陌生的文化中,sutdent慢慢地开始有意义。站在主机的社会。回到家,看到一个不可避免的在一个新的,通常更珍惜光明。
最后,当任何忧虑出国学习当然是可以理解为大学,重要的是要记住这个福利的经验使它很有价值的 Recent years, more and more Chinese people have chosen to study abroad. To this tendency, some people think it is not good, as most of the overseas learners do not come back, whereas I hold a different opinion. In my opinion, it is a good thing that more Chinese people go abroad. There are three reasons. First, the overseas learners can improve their ability through the study. They can grasp advanced technologies and their language ability can be improved as well. Second, with the rapid development of China, more and more overseas learners will choose come back, using their abundant knowledge studied abroad to serve for the motherland. The third, the government and most domestic enterprises are willing to provide favorable treatments to attract them to come back. For the above reasons, I think it is not a bad thing for more and more Chinese study abroad.  近年来,越来越多的中国人已经选择出国留学。这种趋势,一些人认为这样做是不对的,因为大部分的海外学生不回来了,而我持有不同意见。

在我看来,这是一件好事,越来越多的中国人出国。有三个理由。首先,海外学生可以通过学习提高他们的能力。他们能掌握先进技术和他们的语言能力可以改善。第二,中国的快速发展,越来越多的外国学生将选择回来,用他们的丰富知识留学服务为祖国。第三,和大多数国内企业提供良好的治疗方法来吸引他们回来。

因此,我认为这并不是一件坏事,越来越多的中国人出国学习的机会。 网上复制的,望请采纳!Critical Thought Paper
The sexual health care services in Shanghai, China, has been shown some progress in sexual health care by offering more service and mainly for free for people living around. This research will integrate some Chinese societal elements, such as traditional Chinese values as well as the changing of values to analyze how Shanghai is take an effort in providing sexual health care. It will also discuss how Shanghai is treating LGBTQ+ publicly. Meanwhile, the department of Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention has provided some free services with other sectors of health care in China, such as community health hospitals. This important sector will be analyzed in detail to illustrate the health care services that people can get access to.
People in Shanghai can get condoms in multiple ways. Since “Condoms remain the best form of simultaneous protection against sexually transited infections and unintended pregnancies” (Mullinax, et al., 2017, p.642), the ways of obtaining condoms are important in sexual health care. Any person in China is free to obtain some condoms from community health hospitals, which is not the only way that offers people condoms. In some hotels, they would provide free condoms or condoms at a fair price, such as several dollars for one box. Customers of hotels can get condoms in their rooms. But some hotels do not provide condoms in the room. Besides these special places. Compared with some western countries, there is no condom selling on China’s college campuses. When students need condoms, they can purchase from pharmacies, doctors at a normal hospital, and online shops, or get condoms from community health hospitals at no cost. The developed take-out service in China also enables Chinese customers to buy condoms or other related products online and the products will be delivered within about half an hour by delivers. This service is mainly provided in urban areas where the take-out service is well developed in China. This service can proceed in a kind of secret way where the deliverers would not know what the products are when they are packaged in a sealed box or bag by a pharmacy. The delivers can provide fast delivery service to meet the needs of customers. Since deliverers can normally reach the house from the house without the influences of the pandemic, the customers can receive an effective service especially when they do not want to go out and buy some condoms from a pharmacy at night.
China was well-known for its one-child policy, which put pressure on people to learn birth control. As one important normal approach to achieve this goal, community health hospitals have been the main places to provide people with free condoms. The community health hospitals also take the responsibility to provide sexual health care information to the people living around them. Since there are a large number of community health hospitals in China locate in every small community, the doctors in community health hospitals can offer more personalized and more private services for people who demand sexual health care information. The public hospitals provide services of STI/HIV test, which will normally cost like 10 US dollars, which is affordable for almost all the people who demand such a test. China also announced recently to reduce the tariff on HIV medicines, lowering the cost for consumers. The public hospitals in China have the authority to provide STI/HIV tests. Meanwhile, the public hospital is easy to find in urban areas. In rural areas, there is no such institute to provide STI/HIV tests.
As we have learned in class that HPV ranks the first in STI prevalence as well as incidents in the United States, it is worthy to discuss how Chinese people are coping with HPV. In recent five years, with increasing knowledge of HPV among the public, there is a huge demand for HPV vaccines. With this demand, the country is trying to import more HPV vaccines and some domestic universities have produced domestic HPV vaccines. The supplies of them could not normally meet the large demands in many cities. Even though both men and women can get HPV vaccines, in China, females are the main group to demand HPV vaccines. In many cities, they have to make appointments after months to get one shot. Meanwhile, the price for HPV vaccines is much higher than many common vaccines in China. One shot of four price HPV vaccine would cost about 500 US dollars. A nine-price HPV vaccine shot could cost about 900 US dollars and even more as it is highly demanded with a low supply. This phenomenon illustrates that more Chinese females are aware of the importance of the HPV vaccine.
It is studied that “HPV transmission via sex toys may be feasible” (Anderson, et al., 2014, p.2), showing the importance of mind the sanitation of sexual toys. However, in China, there can be no instruction provided by public health services concerning sex toys. Since traditional Chinese values do not consider sexual activities is a decent thing to talk about, the health information about sexual activities is not educated to the public. Sexual toys, as new products in China in recent years, are likely to be neglected when doctors are trying to educate some patients about sexual health care. Even Chinese doctors could be shy to talk about sexual toys as they are maintained within a certain group of consumers. The public lacks information about sexual toys. Even in Shanghai, a modern city of China, the Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention does not provide any information about sexual toys on its website (Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention, 2021).
LGBTQ+ is not openly accepted in Shanghai. Although many Western countries have allowed LGBTQ+, there is no public authority that shows an acceptance to it which can be seen from the marriage law. The marriage law has not made any modifications to allow LGBTQ+ couples. At the same time, the public does not show public acceptance of it. There are fewer LGBTQ+ movements in Shanghai than in America, which might be one of the reasons why Chinese society does not witness rapid development in LGBTQ+. Privately, there are many people who belong to LGBTQ+. Although they are not publicly accepted, they can normally go on streets like a couple without many biases in Shanghai since Shanghai is keeping to open to new ideas and new phenomenon. Nevertheless, this situation might be different in rural areas of China where elderly people normally hold traditional beliefs by considering LGBTQ+ abnormal. This has become a problem and an obstacle for some families which have children who belong to LGBTQ+. The development of LGBTQ+ is slow proceeding in current China.
In a conclusion, sexual health service is provided in many forms in Shanghai. The supply of condoms has multiples approaches where consumers can purchase, such as via the internet, take-out service, public hospitals, hotels. Community health hospitals also provide condoms for free, which are easy to find in communities. The test of STI/HIV is provided in public hospitals at a fair cost, about 10 US dollars. The public also shows an awareness of HPV by presenting a huge demand for imported HPV vaccines. Sexual toys are however hard to be mentioned in Shanghai while people hold a traditional value considering it is kind of unusual. Even doctors would be shy to talk about them. Moreover, LGBTQ+ has not been accepted by the public in Shanghai until now.
References:
Anderson, T. A., Schick, V., Herbenick, D., Dodge, B., & Fortenberry, J. D. (2014). A study of human papillomavirus on vaginally inserted sex toys, before and after cleaning, among women who have sex with women and men. Sexually transmitted infections, 90(7), 529-531.
Mullinax, M., Sanders, S., Dennis, B., Higgins, J., Fortenberry, J. D., & Reece, M. (2017). How condom discontinuation occurs: interviews with emerging adult women. The Journal of Sex Research, 54(4-5), 642-650.
The Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control & Prevention. (2021). “Sexual Disease Prevention”. Retrieved from: http://www.scdc.sh.cn/category/zcfg.shtml